A DBA (Double Taxation Convention) may require that the tax be levied by the country of residence and that it be exempt in the country where it is created. In other cases, the resident may pay a withholding tax to the country where the income was born and the taxpayer benefits from a compensatory foreign tax credit in the country of residence to reflect the fact that the tax has already been paid. In the first case, the taxpayer (abroad) would declare himself a non-resident. In both cases, the DBA may provide for the two tax authorities to exchange information on these returns. Through this communication between countries, they also have a better view of individuals and companies trying to avoid or evade taxes.  According to a 2013 business europe study, double taxation remains a problem for European companies and a barrier to cross-border trade and investment.   Problem areas include limiting the deductibility of interest, foreign tax credits, settlement issues, and divergent qualifications or interpretations. Germany and Italy were identified as the Member States where most cases of double taxation occurred. Double taxation can also take place within a single country. This usually happens when sub-national jurisdictions have tax powers and jurisdictions have competing rights. In the United States, a person can legally have only one residence.
However, when a person dies, different States may claim that the person was domiciled in that State. Intangible personal property can then be imposed by any claiming State. In the absence of specific laws prohibiting multiple taxation and as long as the sum of taxes does not exceed 100% of the value of personal physical assets, the courts will allow such multiple taxation. [Citation required] The tax benefits granted under the DBA for payments can be done in two ways. On the one hand, there may be a tax exemption or a reduced rate of payment. On the other hand, there may be reimbursement of deducted deductions. In recent years,[when?] the evolution of foreign investment by Chinese companies has grown rapidly and has become quite influential. Thus, the management of cross-border tax issues is becoming one of China`s main financial and trade projects, and cross-border tax issues continue to increase. To solve the problems, multilateral tax treaties are defined between countries, which can legally help companies on both sides to avoid double taxation and tax issues.
In order to implement China`s ”Going Global” strategy and help domestic enterprises adapt to globalization, China is committed to promoting and signing multilateral tax agreements with other countries in order to achieve common interests. By the end of November 2016, China had officially signed 102 double taxation treaties. Of this amount, 98 agreements have already entered into force. In addition, China has signed a double taxation agreement with Hong Kong and the Macao Special Administrative Region. China also signed a double taxation treaty with Taiwan in August 2015, which has not yet entered into force. According to the Chinese tax administration, the first double taxation agreement with Japan was signed in September 1983. .